Can Guinea Pigs Eat Brussel Sprouts? (Explained)

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Brussel Sprouts are like baby cabbages that are rich in many vitamins and minerals. This low-calorie vegetable makes a healthy diet option for humans.

However, you must be wondering, can guinea pigs eat Brussel sprouts?

The answer is yes! Guinea pigs can eat brussel sprouts in moderation. Ideally, you should feed brussel sprouts to your pets once or twice a week. 

However, you should be aware that overfeeding brussel sprouts to your cavies can cause serious health issues like bladder stones and digestive tract damage. 

After knowing guinea pigs can eat brussel sprouts, the next question popping in your head might be, what parts of brussel sprouts can guinea pigs eat?

Let’s quickly find out!

What Part of the Brussel Sprouts Can Guinea Pigs Eat?

Just like other vegetables, there are certain parts of brussel sprouts that guinea pigs can eat and some that you should avoid giving to them. 

Let’s see what parts of brussel sprouts are safe for your cavies. 

Can Guinea Pigs Eat Brussel Sprouts Leaves?

Yes, guinea pigs can eat brussel sprouts leaves. They are not only packed with nutrients but rich in fiber and water content.

Nonetheless, make sure you serve only fresh and green brussel sprouts leaves to your pets for their safety. 

Can Guinea Pigs Have Brussel Sprouts Stalks?

Yes, guinea pigs can have brussel sprouts stalks. Brussel sprouts stalks are good for your pet’s gut health and digestion.

Moreover, they also keep the teeth of guinea pigs in proper shape. However, chop them properly before serving them to your guinea pigs to avoid choking. 

How Often Can Guinea Pigs Eat Brussel Sprouts?

You should serve brussel sprouts once or twice a week to your cavies. Make sure you don’t make Brussel sprouts a part of guinea pigs’ daily diet. 

Also, take note of the nutritional value of brussel sprouts to understand the science behind how often guinea pigs can eat brussel sprouts.

Nutritional Value of Brussel Sprouts

To get a better idea of the nutritional value of brussel sprouts, see the table below. 

Nutrients Per 100 gms 
Vitamin A 0.038 mg
Vitamin K0.177 mg
Vitamin B-60.219 mg
Vitamin C85 mg
Protein3.48 g
Iron 1.4  mg
Magnesium23 mg
Phosphorous 69 mg
Fat 0.3 g
Carbs 8.95 g
Fiber3.8 g
Sugar2.2 g
Calcium42 mg
Sodium 25 mg
Potassium 389 mg
Water86 g
Zinc0.42 mg
Energy43 kcal

Health Benefits of Brussel Sprouts on Guinea Pigs

There are many health benefits of brussel sprouts for guinea pigs. Let’s have a look at them in this section. 

Better Digestion 

The rich fiber and water content of brussel sprouts improve the digestion of guinea pigs and result in easy bowel movement.

Guinea pigs are likely to face constipation and poor metabolism due to their inactive lifestyle. As a result, feeding brussel sprouts to guinea pigs helps to improve their digestive health.

Prevention of Scurvy

Brussel sprouts help to reduce the chances of scurvy in guinea pigs, a disease caused due to lack of Vitamin C.

Since guinea pigs lack the ability to produce their own Vitamin C, it’s important to serve them vegetables rich in Vitamin C to prevent scurvy. 

Strong Immunity

The presence of Vitamin K and antioxidants in brussel sprouts helps to boost the immune system of guinea pigs. A better immune system helps them fight diseases, germs, and infections.  

Prevent Inflammation

The presence of oxalic acid and other antioxidants in brussel sprouts helps in preventing inflammation in guinea pigs.

Inflammation causes joint pain in guinea pigs and makes them weak.

To avoid inflammation, it’s important to feed vegetables rich in antioxidants to guinea pigs.


Brussel sprouts keep guinea pigs hydrated throughout the day as they contain a good amount of water.

On average, the daily water requirement of guinea pigs is 100 ml. Therefore, you should feed them veggies that are rich in water to meet their water requirement.

Manage Weight

Guinea pigs are likely to face weight gain due to their less active lifestyle. Therefore, it’s required that you serve them a diet having low calories, sugar, and fat.

All these needs are met by brussel sprouts. 

Health Risks of Brussel Sprouts for Guinea Pigs

Brussel sprouts can cause some health risks in guinea pigs if served in large quantities.

Let’s have a look at some of the most common health risks that your cavies can suffer by eating brussel sprouts.

Bladder Stones 

Brussel sprouts contain a high amount of oxalic acid that can lead to the formation of bladder stones in guinea pigs. Bladder stones are extremely painful, and in most cases, your guinea pigs need surgery to get rid of bladder stones. 

Take Note: Try mixing brussel sprouts with veggies that contain less oxalic acid like kale and broccoli to prevent bladder stones in guinea pigs.


Feeding Brussel sprouts in more than the required amount can cause bloating and gastric issues in guinea pigs. It happens because brussel sprouts have high fiber content. 

How To Serve Brussel Sprouts for Guinea Pigs? 

It’s important to prepare brussel sprouts properly to serve them to guinea pigs. In case you don’t know how to serve brussel sprouts to guinea pigs, follow the given steps. 

Step 1: Buy Fresh Brussel Sprouts

A picture showing fresh brussel sprouts for guinea pigs
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It’s advisable to buy brussel sprouts from an organic vegetable store to get fresh and chemical-free brussel sprouts. In case you don’t have an organic store near your house, you can buy them from a grocery store.  

Take Note: Always choose small to medium brussel sprouts that are bright green in color and have tightly packed leaves. Avoid buying brussel sprouts that have yellow leaves. 

Step 2: Washing Brussel Sprouts 

The next step is to carefully wash the brussel sprouts to free them from dust, dirt, chemicals, and other impurities that are harmful to your pets.

Ideally, you should wash brussel sprouts under running tap water for at least 6 to 10 mins.

Step 3: Draining Excess Water

Once you are done washing the brussel sprouts, it’s time to drain the excess water using a strainer. 

Step 4: Get Ready to Do Some Chopping 

A picture showing chopped brussel sprouts

Now it’s time to chop the brussel sprouts into small pieces of 1 inch each. Place the brussel sprouts on a chopping board and chop them carefully using a knife. 

Step 5: All Set for Serving 

Once you are done chopping the brussel sprouts, it’s time to serve them to your cavies and see their reaction. 

Step 6: Clean the Area 

The last step is to wipe the area with a wet cloth to remove any leftovers to prevent mosquitoes and germs from breeding. 

What Are Other Alternatives for Brussel Sprouts?

If you are looking for some other vegetables that you can feed to guinea pigs, have a look at the table below. 

Green BeansTomatoesDandelionsLettuce
Bell PeppersZucchiniCornBroccoli

Frequently Asked Questions:

Can Guinea Pigs Eat Cooked Brussel Sprouts?

A picture of cooked brussel sprouts not as a food for guinea pigs
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No, guinea pigs cannot eat cooked brussel sprouts. Cooked brussel sprouts have no nutritional value as they lose their nutrients when cooked.

You should always serve raw brussel sprouts to them for their better health.

Can Guinea Pigs Eat Frozen Brussel Sprouts?

No, guinea pigs cannot eat frozen brussel sprouts.

Frozen brussel sprouts are hard for guinea pigs to chew and digest. Moreover, feeding them frozen brussel sprouts might damage their sensitive digestive tract.

Final Thoughts

In this article, we have learned that brussel sprouts form a healthy food option for guinea pigs. It contains lots of nutrients like Vitamin C, iron, potassium, and dietary fiber. 

However, you should limit feeding brussel sprouts to guinea pigs once or twice a week to avoid health issues like bloating and the formation of bladder stones.

Also, make sure the serving size of brussel sprouts is small. 

Other than that, you should pay attention to the preparation tips and methods of brussel sprouts for guinea pigs.

If you find this article helpful, share it with your guinea-pig lover friends!

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